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Your Questions About How To Discover New Elements

Thomas asks…

Where did the elements come from to form the big bang?

I understand that the elements came together and combined in the small cosmic bubble, then exploded into the universe. But were did thoughs elements come from?

New Niche Finder answers:

There where no elements in the Big Bang just pure energy. You question should be where this original energy came from? Well nobody knows because in the beginning there was singularity. Infinitely dense and infinitely small object. To describe this mathematically you need to be able to use general relativity (because object is massive) and quantum mechanics (because object is small). Problem is those two theories combined don’t give any answer. That means one of those theories (or both) are wrong or at least incomplete. They are not entirely wrong because they work when not combined. We need to develop a new physics called quantum gravity. Until we discover these laws your question can’t be answered.

In quantum mechanics particles are frequently disappearing and reappearing out of nowhere. So it is possible to get something for nothing. But higher the mass of the object lesser the change of that happening. So it is possible that new iPhone (or whatever) will reappear on your table but to get reasonable chance of that you would need to wait longer that current age of the Universe. So based on this principle you can get whole Universe like this but it is very very unlikely and happens like once in 10^100000000 years. This is theory I believe but they are others. It also implicates that quantum laws been here before the Big Bang so it is not a complete explanation.

Ken asks…

How does a particle accelerator make new elements?

I don’t get how a particle accelerator makes new elements out of nothing. Could somebody who knows please explain the process.

New Niche Finder answers:

The difference between one element and another is the number of protons in the nucleus. The particle accelerator can make new elements by forcing more protons into the nucleus.

It is not just a matter of firing a proton at the nucleus, however. Protons repel one another naturally, so to hold them together requires more neutrons in the nucleus as well. Still, the simple answer is to bombard the nucleus with subatomic particles which are moving with enough energy to enter the nucleus but without enough energy to blow the nucleus apart (or to knock one or more particles out of it).

Those particle accelerators are operating at much lower energies than modern accelerators can achieve. Modern ones actually make individual subatomic particles hit one another so hard, the subatomic particle itself is blown apart and new quarks are sometimes discovered.

Steven asks…

what determines whether a substance is magnetic?

Lets say I discovered a new element, and knew all about its atomic weight and charge etc.

Would I predict whether it is going to react strongly to a magnetic field or not, without actually testing it?

What determines whether something is attracted to a magnet?

New Niche Finder answers:

Ferromagnetism arises when the atom of an element has one or more unpaired electrons in its obitals. This is explained here –

http://science.howstuffworks.com/magnet3.htm

Linda asks…

Do you believe there has been an element discovered that manipulates time and space?

I heard there was a element discovered that allows a spacecraft to travel through outer space at millions of miles per second. That space is actually a like a fabric and this element distorts time and gravity?

New Niche Finder answers:

No. It’s a science fiction “invention” to help remove the problems of communication between didtant stars and galaxies.

Space as fabric… Is a way of looking at space in terms of 4 dimensions. Usually, this is thought of as being like the skin of a balloon, expanding over time since the Big Bang. Distortion in the fabric allows for showing the effects of “gravity wells” – the more mass an object has, the bigger the dent in causes in the fabric.

Distortion of time and space – basic relativity physics: the closer we get to the speed of light, the greater mass becomes, and time tends to slow down.

Paul asks…

What “if” god is just a unknown element we just haven’t discovered?

Or unable to discover? God a element able to create life, source of all life? If god is real, I think it would be a mindless element creating life.

New Niche Finder answers:

Irrelevant.

He’s not!

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