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Your Questions About How To Discover New Elements

Lisa asks…

Who found/discovered these elements and minerals?

Minerals: Anapaite, Chlorite, and Glauberite

Elements: Gold, Radon, Calcium, Hydrogen, and Lawrencium.

New Niche Finder answers:

For the elements:

Gold: Known since prehistoric times

Radon: discovered by Friedrich Ernst Dorn in 1900

Calcium: used since Roman times as lime(calcium oxide), but was first isolated in 1808 by Sir Humphry Davy

Hydrogen: First artificially produced in early 16th century and recognized as a discrete substance in 1766 by Henry Cavendish

Lawrencium: a synthetic element first made in 1961 by scientist at the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory

Maria asks…

if we discovered element….?

if we discovered element 114 which element would it most resemble?

New Niche Finder answers:

We are not going to discover element 114, Although we have Synthesized it. It would be a lot like Lead, the element above it, and since it is so high on the periodic table, it would be very radio active.

Ruth asks…

where was the element first discovered?

Where was gold first discovered in ancient times?

New Niche Finder answers:

Probably gold was one of the first elements “discovered”. However, copper as well has been known since prehistoric times. Iron has been known since prehistoric times, as has zinc, silver, tin, lead and mercury. Where these were discovered first, and by who, is not clear. However, there are clearly a lot of contenders for the “first element”, if one wants to choose among these.

If one looks for more modern discoveries, then these are better documented (look at the attached reference). Some early contenders are listed below:

Cobalt was discovered by Swedish Chemist Georg Brandt in 1735.

Cavendish found hydrogen in 1766.

Joseph Black of Scotland found magnesium was a separate element in 1755.

Nickel was found by Swedish metallurgist Axel-Frederik Cronstedt in 1751.

Daniel Rutherford discovered nitrogen in 1772.

Carl-Wilhelm Scheele in 1771 discovered oxygen is an element in Sweden.

German merchant and alchemist Hennig Brand found phosphorus in 1669.

Of the modern elements, phosphorus appears to be the first found, in Germany.

Richard asks…

How was the element arsenic discovered?

New Niche Finder answers:

Arsenic was discovered by Albertus Magnus (Germany) in 1250. The origin of the name comes from the Greek word arsenikon meaning yellow orpiment. It is steel-grey, brittle semi-metal. Resists water, acids and alkalis. Tarnishes in air, burns in oxygen. Highly toxic by inhalation or ingestion.
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Also…
Arsenic compounds have been known since the days of Ancient Greece and Rome when arsenic sulfide (As2S3) was used by physicians and poisoners. Since arsenic can be produced from its ores very easily, many early craftspeople may have seen the element without realizing what it was. It was first recognized as an element by alchemists. Although it is not certain where and when arsenic was actually discovered, credit for the discovery usually goes to alchemist Albert the Great (Albert us Mag nus, 1193-1280). In 1250 A.D. He heated a common compound of arsenic, As2S3, with soap and formed nearly pure arsenic. It wasnt’t until the mid-seventeenth century that arsenic became well known as an element.

Mandy asks…

who discovered the element platinum?

New Niche Finder answers:

Ulloa discovered the element in 1735, and then it was rediscovered in 1741 by Wood.

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