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Your Questions About How To Discover New Species

David asks…

what kind of career/job could involve this type of work? or something close to it?

adventure discovering a new species such as live ones and fossilized ones
traveling around the world studying environments,
making speeches on how to preserve our ecosystem,
learning about genetic mutation
and learning about evolution
and learning about strange artifacts and languages in tombs on ancient walls ext.

what could it be!!!
it is very much appreciated! if you help me! :)

New Niche Finder answers:

Each of the fields you mention are highly specialized. For example a biologist, paleontologist, environmental scientist, geneticist, and archeologist. You will likely need to pick one career first, to start with, and then add the others as time and interest permits.

Maria asks…

Creationists, I’m curious, how do you explain this new species of dinosaur?

It is estimated to be 75 million years old.
Did Satan put it there to confuse people or are they a little off in there estimation (around 74 million years +)
Is there any other way you can explain it?
http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/top-stories/2010/03/19/newspecies-of-dinosaur-discovered-in-china-115875-22121911/
Edit: someanbutfair, big wow. You must be a joy to live with.
(((Donna))) It would have been nice had anyone chosen to address the question honestly, I really would like to understand their stance.

New Niche Finder answers:

@Oldguy 63

The estimated age would be based on Geological Science.

Nothing to do with Evolution.

But it’s the same Science that finds the Oil that is refined into Petrol so you can drive to Church.

Michael asks…

How many species of marine mammals are there? CNN estimate is way high I think.?

There’s an article on CNN.com right now about a census of marine life and how they’re basically discovering thousands of new species per year. One thing in the article stuck out to me though:

“Ausubel said there are nearly 16,000 known species of marine fish and 70,000 kinds of marine mammals. A couple of thousand have been discovered during the census.”

70,000 species of marine mammals??? Doesn’t that seem a bit high? The only ones I could think of were whales, dolphins, porpoises, seals, sea lions, sea otters, walrus, and manatees. Some people also consider polar bears to be marine mammals. I would think that any marine mammal would be fairly large though. So where are the other 69,990 species hiding?
The numbers posted in the first response below were roughly what I was finding as well…

New Niche Finder answers:

There’s only 4,000 species of mammals in 25 orders, marine or otherwise. There’s 120 species of marine mammals according to this book I have by the National Audubon Society.

Ken asks…

If you were hired by Time Magazine to produce a drawing of what a newly discovered species might have looked?

like, of what a newly discovered species might have looked like, what features would you be confident in reproducing and what features would be speculation? Does our inability to know everything from the fossil record limit our ability to understand previous species? Does it limit our understanding of evolution?

New Niche Finder answers:

That would depend entirely on how much they have found of that species. A few bones, a whole skeleton, several complete skeletons, fossil imprints and so on. The less facts there are the more uncertain the image will be.

So:
[“What features would you be confident in reproducing and what features would be speculation?”]

I would feel confident in reproducing anything that there is enough scientific evidence of. Anything that isn’t based on the science would then be speculation and I would make it clear that it was speculation and nothing else.

[“Does our inability to know everything from the fossil record limit our ability to understand previous species?”]

Of course. It’s uncertain even if we add all other knowledge that we have of the time and environment they lived in. We can at best claim to have a basic understanding and never full knowledge.

[“Does it limit our understanding of evolution?”]

This question is a bit sketchy.
Do we understand what evolution is? Of course we do if the take the time to learn about the concept. It’s nothing strange about it and can easily be explained as well as proven. Evolution is in a very basic form “progress, change and growth over time”. Our limited understanding of fossils or newly found species does not change that basic fact.

Does it limit our understanding of what exactly has happened through the millions of years of evolution this world has gone through? Of course it does.
We can only make theories about the nature of the exact events based on what we know. There are huge gaps of information missing, things we have not found yet and things that we might never find.
This is also one of the corner stones of science, we base our theories on what facts we have and admit that we don’t know it all. When new facts surface we have to revise the theory and start all over again. That’s how science works. “Question, find facts, form a theory, question, find new facts, revise theory … Start all over again.” Your work does not end because you think you know the truth.

Jenny asks…

Why are scientists reluctant to study under ocean species?

I am not stereotyping them, I’m just saying this in general sense. We are keep hearing from people how we are clueless when it comes to underwater universe, when man has set foot on the moon and observed stars and galaxies thousands of light years away. Indeed nderwater sea creatures are indeed truly mesmerizing yet we know little of them. Some of yet-to-be-discovered species might even possess essential values to evolution theories. Then why aren’t we doing something more about it? Is there a technological limitation? Is it monetary issue? what is it?

New Niche Finder answers:

Reluctant?

Look up ‘marine biology’. It is one of the biggest areas of biological research. There are entire schools in many universities around the world dedicated to marine biology. Thousands of professionals. Millions in research grants. A Google of ‘marine biology’ produces 3,730,000 hits.

Look the large list of universities in the U.S. Offering marine biology degrees:
http://marinebio.org/MarineBio/Careers/US-schools.asp

So there is no shortage of interest whatsoever in studying ocean species.

But yes, there are huge technological (and thus financial) challenges to studying the deep oceans. Go a few thousand feet down and we encounter conditions that are in many ways *more difficult* than space travel!

* The pressure differential is much greater! In space, we are dealing with the difference between normal atmospheric pressure on the earth (1 atmosphere), and the vacuum of space. Go down 10,000 meters, and the pressure is 1,000 atmospheres. Note that this is not only a problem for humans going down there, but it also means that it’s very difficult to bring any species up without killing them … So we have to study them down there.

* At least in space there is light. In the deep seas we only see what is within view of our lamps.

* Communications with deep-sea crafts and probes is more difficult than communicating with spacecrafts. This is because seawater is opaque to electromagnetic radiation, which is what we normally use for communicating.

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